Carbon Capture and Storage

Removing CO2 from flue gases before emitting, followed by permanent storage in underground geological formations is supposed to make a serious contribution to emissions reduction of greenhouse gases. The technique is known as Carbon Capture and Storage, CCS. Directive 2009/31/EC is meant to set the conditions for application of this technique in the EU. The Directive deals with such aspects as the characteristics of storage sites, the crucial elements of permits for their operation, including their closure and post-closure monitoring and the access by third parties through a CO2 transport network. Member States have to report to the Commission three-annually, starting in 2011. Further details can be found in the Directive.

In order to further the development of CCS the Commission made a financial commitment to co-finance 12 demonstration projects by 2015 and included the technique in the 7th Framework Programme for research and development