Renewable sources of energy

Directive 2009/28/EC deals with the production of energy from renewable sources. This is specified as energy from renewable non-fossil sources, and includes wind, solar, aerothermal, geothermal, hydrothermal and ocean energy, hydropower, biomass, landfill gas, sewage treatment plant gas and biogases. Member States will have to adopt National Renewable Energy Action Plans which set out how to achieve their national target in 2020 as detailed in the table. The national targets will together result in the intended share of 20% of overall energy consumption in the EU.

In order to stimulate the production of electricity from renewable sources Member States will have the obligation to provide for its transport by installing intelligent networks.

For biofuels and bioliquids detailed sustainability criteria have been developed which take into account the GHG impacts of their production, specified according to the raw material from which they were produced, and of their transport. The Directive sets an overall target of 10% biofuels in the transport sector in the EU in 2020.

For the full text of the Directive click here.

 

National overall targets for the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy in 2020

 

Share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy, 2005 (S2005)

Target for share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy, 2020 (S2020)

Belgium

 

2.3 %

13 %

Bulgaria

 

6.4 %

16 %

Czech Republic

 

9.1 %

13 %

Denmark

 

17.0 %

30 %

Germany

 

5.8 %

18 %

Estonia

 

18.0 %

25 %

Ireland

 

3.1 %

16 %

Greece

 

6.9 %

18 %

Spain

 

8.7 %

20 %

France

 

10.3 %

23 %

Italy

 

5.2 %

17 %

Cyprus

 

2.9 %

13 %

Latvia

 

32.6 %

40 %

Lithuania

 

15.0 %

23 %

Luxemburg

0.9 %

11 %

Hungary

 

4.3 %

13 %

Malta

 

0.0 %

10 %

Netherlands

 

2.4 %

14 %

Austria

 

23.3 %

34 %

Poland

 

7.2 %

15 %

Portugal

 

20.5 %

31 %

Rumania

 

17.8 %

24 %

Slovenia

 

16.0 %

25 %

Slovak Republic

 

6.7 %

14 %

Finland

 

28.5 %

38 %

Sweden

 

39.8 %

49 %

United Kingdom

 

1.3 %

15 %